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Plan For A Vacation in Paris

  • 14/09/2019

Plan For A Vacation in Paris

 


The Famous Eiffel Tower

 

 

 
Summary: The Eiffel Tower is one of Paris landmarks that earn Paris its status of among the best tourist destination.
Eiffel Tower is an iron tower built on the Champ de Mars beside Seine River in Paris. It is the tallest structure in Paris and one of the most acclaimed symbols in the world. Eiffel Tower is named after its designer, engineer Gustave Eiffel, and it is a leading tourist destination.
The tower stands 986 ft. high, which is about 75 stories. Including the antenna, Eiffel tower height is 1058 ft that is about 81 stories. During its construction in 1889, the tower was the tallest structure in the world, a title it registered until 1930, when New York City’s Chrysler Building was completed. It is also popular among architects for being one of the few tall structures in the world that is perfectly vertical.
The maintenance of the tower includes applying 50 tones of three graded tones of paint every seven years for protection from rusting. Occasionally, the color of the paint is changed. Currently, the tower is painted s shade of brown. On the first floor, there are corresponding consoles hosting a poll for the color to use for a future session of painting.
The structure was built between 1887 and 1889 as the entrance arch for the Exposition Universelle, a World’s Fair indicating the centennial celebration of the French Revolution. The tower was inaugurated on the 31st of March 1889 and opened on the 6th of May.
Originally, the Eiffel tower had permit for the tower to stand for 20 years, more than recouping his expenses, but as it later proved valuable for communication purposes, it was acknowledged to stay after the expiry of the permit. The military used it to dispatch Parisian taxis to the front line of the Marne, and it consequently became a victory image of that battle. It was also used to catch the infamous “Mata Hari”, and after this, its demolition became unthinkable to the French populace.
The tower has two restaurants: Altitude 95, on the first floor, and the Jules Verne, a high-priced gourmet restaurant on the second floor, with a private elevator.
Images of the tower have long been in the public domain. Nevertheless, in 2003 SNTE installed a new lighting display on the tower. The effect was to put any nighttime image of the tower under copyright. Thus, it was no longer legal to publish simultaneous photographs of the tower at night without permission. In contemporary decision, the Court of Cassation ordered that copyright could not be claimed over images including a copyrighted building if the photograph surround or include a larger area. This seems to indicate that SNTE cannot claim copyright on photographs of Paris incorporating the lit tower.
Today it is widely considered as one of the most striking pieces of structural art in the world.

The Eiffel Tower - an enormous structure of exposed latticework supports made of iron, was constructed for the Paris Exposition of 1889. The Prince of Wales officiated at the ceremonial opening. Of the 700 proposals submitted in a design competition, one was collectively chosen, a radical conception from the French structural engineer Alexandre Gustave Eiffel, who was assisted in the design by engineers Maurice Koechlin and Emile Nouguier, and architect Stephen Sauvestre.
The Eiffel Tower was admired by Rousseau, Utrillo, Chagall, and Delaunay. It was almost dismantled in 1909 at the termination of its 20-year lease, but was saved because of its antenna - used for telegraphy at that time. Beginning in 1910 it became part of the International Time Service. French radio and French television have also made use of its stature. In the 1960s, it was the subject of a wonderful study by semiologist Roland Barthes.
Built to commemorate the science and engineering achievements of its age, soaring 300m / 984 ft. and weighing 7000 tons, the structure is made up of two visibly distinct parts - a base composed of a platform resting on four separate supports and, above this, a slender tower created as the bents taper upward, rising above a second platform to come together in a unified column.
This unparalleled work, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later, had several previous circumstances. Among them were the iron-supported railway viaducts designed by Eiffel, an arch bridge over the Douro River in Portugal with a span of 160 m, and a design for a circular, iron-frame tower proposed by the American engineers Clarke and Reeves for the Centennial Exposition of 1876. Eiffel acknowledged this influence publicly; as he was no stranger to the United States, having designed the wrought-iron pylon inside Frederic Bartholdi’s Statue of Liberty in 1885. Later in the same year, he had also begun work on the cupola of the Nice observatory.
In the basements of the eastern and western pillars, one can visit the gigantic 1899 machinery which powers the elevators. From the Tower’s three platforms -especially the topmost - the view of Paris is superb. It is generally agreed that one hour before sunset, the panorama is at its best. The camera should not be forgotten to capture a dazzling sunset on the Seine.
There are other magnificent views, especially when the Trocadיro fountains are in full force; one gets free show from the dancers and acrobats who perform around the Palais de Chaillot. The vast green boulevard beneath the tower is the Parc du Champs-de-Mars, which extends all the way to the 18th-century Ecole Militaire, at its southeast end. This formal lawn was once a parade ground for French troops.
The Eiffel Tower at night is one of the grand sights of Paris and shouldn’t be missed. The gold lighting highlights the delicacy of the steelwork in a way that is missed in daylight.
The Eiffel Tower is a real crowd pleaser. At the crossroads of the entire world, 180 million visitors have come since its construction. It’s not surprising when one considers that the Eiffel Tower is the monument that best symbolizes Europe. It’s also the one tourists prefer.
 


The Paris Opera House

 

The Paris Opera House is thought to be one of the greatest pieces of architecture of its period. Located on the northern part of Avenue De L’Opera in the 9e arrondisement , it was founded in 1669 by King Louis XIV.
The idea of the Opera house was first proposed in the 1858 during the Second Empire by Baron Haussmann who was granted authorization for the project by Napoleon III. About 12000 square meters of land was cleared and a thirty five year old architect by the name of Charles Garnier was chosen to design the Opera House.
In 1861, construction began and 14 years later the building was complete. There were a number of significant delays however, first there were issues such as the Paris Commune, and the Franco Prussian War and then, there was a problem with the location. The ground was marshy and full of underground water.
For eight months, the site had to undergo constant pumping before the base could be put down and it was said to have formed an underground reservoir. This reservoir became the idea behind the setting of “The Phantom of the Opera”
On January 15, 1875 marked the opening of the Palais Granier (Paris Opera House). There was a performance of La Juive with Fromental Halevy and excerpts of Les Hugentos with Gaicomo Meyrebeer.
The editor John Norwich of Great Architecture of the World reports that a contemporary critic thought the Opera House looked like “an overloaded sideboard” The place is ornate and decorated with marble friezes of various colors.
The interior is filled with gold leaf and velvet. There are cherubs and nymphs everywhere. The chandelier is over six tons in weight. The ceiling itself was painted by Marc Chagall in 1964. The Opera House is 11000 square meters (11844 square feet) with a platform that can fit more than 400 artists and there are over 2000 seats for the audience.
The Opera House is now thought to be a masterpiece because Garnier had made wonderful use of the difficult and cramp site. The carriage ramps, the steps, the foyers and staircases were both planned and sectioned with skill and confidence.
Garnier was accused of being overly ornate, just like Napoleon and Haussman were criticized of having old and imperialist ideas but the critics forget to keep in mind that cities need their grand monuments and without Napoleon, Garnier, and Haussman, Paris could not have been thought of as one of the most beautiful cities in the world.
 

A great landmark at the northern end of the Avenue De L’Opera in the 9e arrondisement, the Paris Opera House is regarded as one of the architectural masterpieces of its time. This French attraction was founded by King Louis XIV in 1669 with around 2, 200 seats.
The Paris Opera House was conceptualized as part of the great Parisian reconstruction of the Second Empire under Baron Haussmann which was proceeded from Napoleon III’s authorization  in 1858 to clear the 12, 000 square meters of land on which it was to be built. Then unknown 35- year old architect Charles Garnier was the one who won in the design competition. In 1861, the foundation stone was laid followed by the dawning of its construction a year later. Even with several stumbling blocks including the Franco- Prussian War and Paris Commune, it was completed in 1874. The extremely marshy and swampy ground with underground water beneath the site that caused continual pumping for 8 months before the concrete base was placed was also one of the problems encountered. It was said to have a required formation of an underground reservoir. The “lake” then later became an inspiration for the creation of The Phantom of the Opera’s Lair.
Palais Granier or Paris Opera House was formally inaugurated on January 15, 1875 with a performance of Fromental Halevy’s La Juive and excerpts from Gaicomo Meyrebeer’s Les Hugentos. This large edifice has a total area of 11,000 square meters or118, 404 square feet with a huge platform with a room that can accommodate up to 450 artists. It is ornate with a monumental style, opulently decorated with elaborate multi- colored marble friezes, columns and lavish statuary. The interior is also rich in with velvet and gold leaf with cherubs and nymphs. The auditorium’s central chandelier has a mass of over 6 tons while the ceiling was painted by Marc Chagall in 1964. Currently, Paris Opera House is the main venue for both the Opera National de Paris and Opera Bastille.
According to John Norwich, editor of Great Architecture of the World, "Although described by a contemporary critic as 'looking like an overloaded sideboard', the Paris Opera House is now regarded as one of the masterpieces of the period. Here, Garnier triumphed over a cramped and difficult site, handling the carriage-ramps and approach steps, the foyers and staircases, both in section and plan, with confidence and skill. Throughout his life, Garnier was criticized for his excessive use of ornament, as Napoleon and Haussman are still accused of being inspired by an out-of-date and imperialist showmanship expressed in a language already debased. Such critics forget that every city needs its occasional monuments and occasions of grandeur and that thanks largely to these three men, Paris remains one of the most beautiful cities in the world."
 

 

Shopping In France: Paris and Bordeaux

 
 

France offers you an enormous choice of goods, but the quintessential French purchase is clothing, especially designer fashions. If you're on a budget, window shop at the great fashion houses to get a feel of what you want. Then head for the markets and budget shops to do your actual shopping.
Shopping In Paris
Paris is divided into quarters or arrondissements, each with its own shopping opportunities. Marais is the place for elegance, St-Germain for international fashion brands and Montmartre is dripping with romance.
Paris is of course home to the large French department stores, les grands magasins such as Galeries Lafayette and Printemps and you can spend whole days browsing them. But the sheer joy of shopping in Paris comes from visiting the galleries or passages, the 19th-century glass-roofed shopping arcades that just ooze charm and transform rainy days into shopping adventures.
Bear in mind that most stores in Paris close on Sundays which gives you the opportunity to explore one of the city’s many flea markets.
Shopping In Bordeaux
Few people outside Europe realise what a shopper's paradise Bordeaux truly is. There are some of the world's most popular brand names on parade here: Cartier, Hermes, Louis Vuitton, Mont Blanc, Christian Lacroix, Rolex and Tartine et Chocolat.
The pinnacle of shopping in Bordeaux is the Golden Triangle of the Allיes de Tourny, the Cours de l'Intendance and the Cours Clemenceau. This triangle contains the Place des Grands-Hommes, home to the city's most prestigious shops vending everything from foodstuffs the latest fashions.
 

Paris flower markets, flee markets and regular shopping


Another good market for second hand clothing is the Porte de Vanves Flea Market (Blvd. Lefebvre, 14th Arr.).We suggest you contact the tourist offices for any update on markets days and location.
Flower and fruit markets are scattered all over Paris. Montorgueil Market (Rue Montorgueil and Rue Montmartre, 1st) is good for both fresh fruit and pastries also. For organic products, every Saturday mornings we suggest to go on Boulevard des Batignolles.
Some of the city's bakeries and pastry shops are at the Mouffetard Market (Rue Mouffetard, 5th) while the Port Royal Market (Blv. Port-Royal, 5th) has not only food produce, but cheap clothing also.
Throughout June and July Paris holds a yearly International Rose Competition at beautiful Parc de Bagatelle. It definitely is a place to see, where a riot of colours explodes everywhere making the air perfumed and a walk through the park something divine.
If you wish to crown your desire for flowers, blossom and rejuvenation you might consider taking a 40 minute train ride to Giverni and visit Monet’s enchanting house literally floating on a pond of nymphs, lilies, tulips and narcissi.
If you wish to stay in Paris and dedicate an entire day on regular shopping, you can visit some department stores as: Au Printemps (Blv. Haussmann, 64; ph.: +33 01 42 82 50 00) or Le Bon Marchי  stores (24, Rue de Sטvres, ph. : +33 01 44 39 80 00) or the Galeries Lafayette (Blv. Haussmann, 40, ph: +33 01 42 823 456) the flagship of Paris retailing with one of the largest stores.
It handles Duty Free purchasing and Tourist Tax Refunds, has a Welcome Desk with interpreters and restaurants. An inexpensive chain of department stores is Tati (76, Av. de Clichy, 17th Arr.). Open Mon-Sat 10am-7pm. It has other branches around the city.
Very nice places where to rest in your trip are boutique hotels offering colourful rooms, fresh ambience, secret gardens or terraces where to enjoy your breakfast. Many of them are located in central Paris but a little out of the standard circuits as they privilege a more authentic touch and a familiar relationship with their guests.
You may try these ones where prices range from 30-50 euros per person: Cecil hotel, Taylor hotel, Des Artes hotel, Altona hotel, Mon reve Hotel, Bac Saint Germain ( in Latin quarter) or the Hotel du Parc Saint Charles.
 

 Best Bars in Paris  

Best Bars in Paris
Things have changed in the City of Lights. If in the past, there was a shortage among the interesting places to visit now, there are a lot to choose from. New pubs and cafיs have been established with international themes where the prices have also been dropped. Here is a list of the best bars in Paris.
* Cafי De I’industrie
L'Industrie was the first "bricole" in Paris, and it still serves great Parisian food. Prices are reasonable, whether you're ordering a meal or just a cocktail. The interior features Harcourt Studio photography. This is an all-around pleasant place to visit with nearby restaurants such as Blue Elephant, Brasserie Bofinger, L’ Ambriosie, L’ Osteria and Finkelsztajn. This bar in Paris is located at 16 Rue Saint- Sabin.
* La Casbah
This chic bar always plays the hottest music in a trendy environment. It attracts mostly the young crowd and is always bursting with energy. It's definitely not the place to go if you want to relax with a drink and some quiet conversation. They open daily at nine in the evening until dawn. It is just neighboring around the following sights and activities like Musee Picasso, Saint Paul & Saint Louis, Carnavalet, among the few. This bar in Paris is located at 18- 20 Rue De La Forge- Royale.
* La Fontaine
This little red bistro is friendly and pleasant, whether you have a small meal or nurse a cocktail while you socialize. Sit outside on the terrace for a relaxed evening, or sit inside amid classy decor and enjoy the music and a glass of wine or a well-mixed drink. It opens from Monday to Saturday as early as 7 in the morning until the wee hours of 2am the following day. This bar in Paris is located at 1 Rue De Charonne.
* Le Depanneur
Le Dיpanneur sports American-style decor and serves American cuisine in its cafי. A DJ often plays trendy music for chic crowds, but even if that's not the case, the bar ranks as a popular place to socialize in the evening. It is just blocks away from posh restaurants like La Table D’anvers, La Luna, I Golosi, La Verriere and Chez Michel. This bar in Paris is located at 27 Rue Fontaine.
* Le Doobie’s
The interior of this trendy club was designed by Yannick Noah, and the ambience is consistently pleasant and welcoming. During the day, Le Doobie's is a great place to dine, while at night, it's ideal for hanging out at the bar for a drink. Both locals and tourists frequent the place. This bar in Paris is located at 2 Rue Robert- Estienne.
* Le Moloko
his nightspot is always alive with young, energetic faces. The jukebox offers more than 1,200 selections, and while you groove to the music, you can enjoy a cocktail or glass of wine. The decor is modern and trendy, which matches the clientele. They open everyday from 12:30pm up to 4am the next morning. This bar in Paris is located at 26 Rue Fontaine.
* Man Ray
Not only does Man Ray elicit raves for its incredible Asian-inspired decor, but it gets the added buzz of having three celebrity owners: Johnny Depp, John Malkovich, and Sean Penn. As a result, the place often draws a crowd of beautiful people. Amid photos by the artist for whom the club's named, patrons munch on French-Asian fare and sushi while nursing well-mixed cocktails. The mezzanine bar is the usual center of activity, hosting weekday jazz and late-night DJs. On Friday nights, patrons take to the dance floor to kick off the weekend in style. This bar in Paris is located at 34 Rue Marbeuf.
 

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